Work-Based Learning is gaining popularity all over Europe. The combination of practical training on the job and theoretical education at school is relevant for vocational training, but also for academic qualifications (i.e. dual bachelor study courses). Below is a list of relevant surveys and papers on the topic.

Horn, D. (2016). The effectiveness of apprenticeship training: A within-track comparison of workplace-based and school-based vocational training in Hungary. Social science research, 55, 139-154.

Wieland, C., Lezcano, E., & Stiftung, B. (2016). EUROPEAN CASE STUDY. Cooperation in action: the dual vocational training system in Germany

Nikolaeva, S. (2016). Introduction of the dual system in the Bulgarian vocational education–reality and challenges. Annual Miscellaneous Collection, (1), pp-86.

Graf, L. (2016). The rise of work-based academic education in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 68(1), 1-16

Eichhorst, W. (2015). Does vocational training help young people find a (good) job?. IZA World of Labor.

Feldmann, L., & Sprafke, N. (2015). How to Design Empowering Work-based Learning Settings to Foster Students’ Competence Development. development, 12, 17

Graf, L. (2015). Developing Advanced Work-Based Higher Education–What Germany and the US Can Learn from Each Other. AICGS Transatlantic Perspectives Series.

Brzozowski, J., & Surdej, A. 2014. The Directions of the Development of the VET System in Poland, EN RLMM Working Paper Series No. 1, 28p.

Buligina, I., Putans, R., Sloka, B. 2014. Coherence of Work Based Learning and Regional Development in Latvia. Economics & Business, 25.

Cahuc, P., Carcillo, S., Rinne, U., & Zimmermann, K. F. (2013). Youth unemployment in old Europe: the polar cases of France and Germany. IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 2(1), 18.

Cedefop 2014, Europen Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Skill mismatch: more than meets the eye, Note March 2014.

COM 2013b, European Commission 2013, Work-based learning in Europe, Policy and Policy Pointers, June 2013, p. 37 (very good overview)

Courtney, J., Long, J., & Hall, D. 2013. Work-based learning partnerships: a case of learning and talent management intervention for developing future leaders and managers. HR Bulletin: Research and Practice, 8(2), 13-18,

Dombrovsky, V. 2009. Is anything wrong with higher education in Latvia?. Baltic Journal of Economics, (1), 05-24.

Dolphin, T., Ayres, S., Balaram, B., Parker, I., & Eliot, S. 2014. States of transition: youth unemployment, education and labour market policy in Europe and the US, 84 p.

Euler, D. (2013). Germany’s dual vocational training system: a model for other countries. Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh.

Holzer, H. J., Lerman, R. I. 2014. Work-based learning to expand jobs and occupational qualifications for youth. Full employment, Center for budget and policy priorities, 10 p.

Huq, A., & Gilbert, D. H. 2013. Enhancing graduate employability through work-based learning in social entrepreneurship: A case study. Education+ Training, 55(6), 550-572.

Kornecki, J. 2012. Strategic, Tactical and Operational Considerations for Academia Involvement Into Work-Based Learning–Results From WBLQUAL, an EU Funded Project. Proceedings of 5th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovations–ICERI2012, Madrid, Spain 19-21.

Lettmayr, Christian F. 2013, Vocational education and training in Lithuania, CEDEFOP Publication, 50 p.,

Lettmayr, Christian F. 2012, From education to working life: the labour market outcomes of vocational education and training. CEDEFOP Publication, 96 p.

Light, B., & Hartmann, E. 2010, Promoting Innovation by Work Based Learning, 77p.

NRP 2012, National reform program for Lithuania 2012

Nickolaus R., Gschwendtner T., Geißel B. (2009), “Social inequality as an enduring phenomenon of general and vocational education – characteristics in the Federal Republic of Germany and international perspectives”, CEDEFOP European Journal of vocational training, No 46 – 2009/1

Nunez, I., Livanos, I. 2010. Higher education and unemployment in Europe: an analysis of the academic subject and national effects. Higher Education, 59(4), 475-487.

Pavlovaite, I. 2012. Can the german system of dual training be used to enhance the apprenticeship system in Lithuania ?, Mutual Learning Programme 2012, Perr country comments paper Lithuania, 11 p.

Piecha, J., Wescott, C. G. 2014. The challenges for European governments in addressing youth unemployment. International Public Management Review, 15(1).$FILE/3_Piecha%20and%20Wescott_IPMR_Volume%2015_Issue%201.pdf

Spöttl, G., & Windelband, L. 2013. Innovations in Vocational Education and Training–a Successful Paradigm Shift within the Dual System in Germany, Institut Technik und Bildung, 34 p.